True A Rim To Make It A Flat Disc

Introduction

If a rim is not a flat disc it will appear to move from side to side as it passes through a rim brake or goes by some other index point. You can true a rim by adjusting the spoke tension.

Step 1

<h3>Step 1</h3><p>Watch the rim carefully and move the index point so that it just drags on the rim at the extreme point of it’s buckle. Use the barrel adjuster of a rim brake to reach this point. To true a rim is much easier if you have a wheel-jig.
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Diagnose where to true the rim

Watch the rim carefully and move the index point so that it just drags on the rim at the extreme point of it’s buckle. Use the barrel adjuster of a rim brake to reach this point. To true a rim is much easier if you have a wheel-jig.

Step 2

<h3>Step 2</h3><p>The spokes going to the hub flange opposite the point where the rim kisses the brake – or other index – need to be tightened.
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Decide Which Spokes Need To Pull Harder

The spokes going to the hub flange opposite the point where the rim kisses the brake – or other index – need to be tightened.

Step 3

<h3>Step 3</h3><p>You true a rim by tighten opposite spokes all along the buckle tightening the ones in the middle more than those at the end. Make small adjustments don’t give any spoke more than a half turn before checking and re-diagnosing.
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Spread The Load

You true a rim by tighten opposite spokes all along the buckle tightening the ones in the middle more than those at the end. Make small adjustments don’t give any spoke more than a half turn before checking and re-diagnosing.

Step 4

<h3>Step 4</h3><p>As the rim improves tighten the brake or move the index point to find a new position where it drags on the rim.
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Make The Test Harder

As the rim improves tighten the brake or move the index point to find a new position where it drags on the rim.

Step 5

<h3>Step 5</h3><p>If you need to tighten any spoke more than a whole turn you need to loosen the other side. If you only tighten you pull the rim towards the hub and wheel starts to loose its roundness.
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Loosen

If you need to tighten any spoke more than a whole turn you need to loosen the other side. If you only tighten you pull the rim towards the hub and wheel starts to loose its roundness.

Step 6

<h3>Step 6</h3><p>Between each round of adjustment and re-diagnosis stress the spokes using the procedure checking spoke tension and squeezing hard. This releases any twisting forces trapped in the spokes. If you don’t do this the forces will be released the first time the bike is ridden and the wheel may go out of true straight away. This stressing process is the main difference between a hand-built wheel and one built by a machine.
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Stress The Spokes

Between each round of adjustment and re-diagnosis stress the spokes using the procedure checking spoke tension and squeezing hard. This releases any twisting forces trapped in the spokes. If you don’t do this the forces will be released the first time the bike is ridden and the wheel may go out of true straight away. This stressing process is the main difference between a hand-built wheel and one built by a machine.

Pro Tip

If you can’t get the rim straight without very uneven spoke tension the rim may be damaged beyond repair and need replacing.